Citation & Referencing

Referencing Styles

University of Moratuwa has approved using of two referencing styles, that are APA and IEEE

American Psychological Association Referencing Style (APA 7th Edition)

The American Psychological Association (APA) style is widely accepted in the social sciences and many other fields. The APA citation format requires parenthetical citations within the text instead of endnotes or footnotes. Citations in the text provide brief information, the name of the author and the year of publication, to lead the reader to find the source of information in the reference list at the end of the paper

This handout is based on the 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), but is not a comprehensive guide. For all rules and requirements of APA citations, please consult the 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Click here to download APA (7th Edition) reference guide

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Referencing Style (IEEE)

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Style is used primarily for publications in engineering, electronics, telecommunications, and computer science and information technology.

Click here to download IEEE reference guide


Citation Management Tools




Zotero is a free and open-source reference management software to manage bibliographic data and related   research materials.

Download Zotero from here

Access Zotero user guide from here



Mendeley is a free web and desktop reference management application that helps you to simplify your reference management workflow. You can store, organize and search all your references from just one library with Mendeley Reference Manager.

Download Mendeley from here

Access Mendeley user guide from here